Employment observatory. Policies : No. 42 Summer 1993 EMPLOYMENT OBSERVATORY icies Developments ir Series produced by the MISEP network. V Summer 1993 EUROPE ¡nforMISEP Commission of the European Communities Directorate-General Employment, Industrial Relations and Social Affairs -s ■-.·' ;.--..;.■;-* ■ -f¡;^-,- ■?£Sùp#f.; ■·.::■ Developments at a Glance Belgium: The partial fiscalisation of socialsecurity contributions, aimed at raising competitiveness, especially in the industrial sector, is to be maintained, but slightly changed. Loans for the unemployed wishing to start up their own business are subject to new conditions; the maximum available credit volume has been increased. The provisions governing voluntary work by recipients of unemployment benefit have been tightened, and benefit entitlement for those "interrupting" unemployment for social or family reasons has been reduced. Germany: New control methods such as datacomparison procedures and the socialinsurance ID introduced in 1991 have enabled the authorities to clamp down on benefit abuse and illegal employment. In the new Länder the first JobInformation Service, a jobsearch aid on a selfservice, computerassisted basis, has been set up. The special programme for particularly difficulttoplace longterm unemployed has been extended until 1996. Spain: As part of the Spanish contribution to the European Growth Initiative, a number of employment policy measures such as the provisional extension of the permitted duration of fixedterm contracts, and grants for their subsequent conversion into permanent contracts and for recruiting parttime workers have been introduced. The minimum wage for 1993 represents an increase of 4% on the previous year. France: The balance of ANPE's activities in 1992 shows a number of positive results, particularly in the fight against longterm unemployment, in the introduction of dataprocessing technology and progress towards decentralisation.