Abstract The residual stresses induced in composites when cooling down from the processing temperature were determined using a cylinder model and using a finite element computer program. Various specimen geometries were examined: microcomposites, unidirectional composites and flat substrates coated with one or two layers. Various combinations were investigated involving MoSi 2 as an interphase, SiC as a fiber, a matrix, a substrate or an external coating layer and C as a fiber, a substrate, an interphase or an intermediate coating layer. The influence of factors such as interphase thickness and uncertainty in interphase properties (including Young's modulus and coefficient of thermal expansion) was analyzed. It was shown that trends in distribution of thermal residual stresses (TRS) prevailing in 1D composites can be satisfactorily predicted using the analytical cylinder model. The presence of a MoSi 2 interphase induces the highest interfacial stresses but it relieves stresses in the matrix. The presence of a C interphase essentially reduces the interfacial stresses.