First-principles calculations of 17O quadrupolar and chemical shift NMR parameters were performed using CASTEP, a density functional theory (DFT) code, to try and interpret high-resolution 17O NMR spectra of the humite group minerals hydroxyl-chondrodite (2Mg2SiO4·Mg(OH)2) and hydroxyl-clinohumite (4Mg2SiO4·Mg(OH)2), which are models for the incorporation of water within the Earth’s upper mantle. The structures of these humite minerals contain two possible crystallographically inequivalent H sites with 50% occupancy. Isotropic 17O multiple-quantum magic angle spinning (MQMAS) spectra were therefore simulated using the calculated 17O NMR parameters and assuming either a static or dynamic model for the positional disorder of the H atoms. Only the dynamic disorder model provided simulated spectra that agree with experimental 17O MQMAS spectra of hydroxyl-chondrodite and hydroxyl-clinohumite. Previously published 17O satellite-transition magic angle spinning (STMAS) spectra of these minerals showed significant dynamic line-broadenings in the isotropic frequency dimension. We were able to reproduce these line-broadenings with at least qualitative accuracy using a combination of the same dynamic model for the positional H disorder, calculated values for the change in 17O quadrupolar NMR parameters upon H exchange, and a simple analytical model for dynamic line-broadening in MAS NMR experiments. Overall, this study shows that a combination of state-of-the-art NMR methodology and first-principles calculations of NMR parameters is able to provide information on dynamic processes in solids with atomic-scale resolution that is unobtainable by any other method.