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Application of fluoroimmunoassay to cerebrospinal fluid immunoglobulin G and albumin.

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  • Research Article
  • Biology


Special solid-phase fluoroimmunoasssay protocols were used to measure the amount of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and albumin in 1,511 samples of cerebrospinal fluid. The fluoroimmunoassay is an inhibition test conducted on the surface of a plastic probe, whose fluorescence is inversely related to the concentration of spinal fluid IgG or albumin. A microcomputer interfaced with the fluorometer calculates the sample IgG or albumin from a calibration curve based on standard cerebrospinal fluid values. The test and interpretation take less than 90 min. Correlation coefficients for over 100 cerebrospinal fluid samples tested by both fluoroimmunoassay and radial immunodiffusion were: IgG, 0.90 (slope, 1.04); albumin, 0.95 (slope, 0.99). The within-run precision (coefficient of variation) was: IgG, 4.4%; albumin, 6.3%. Run-to-run precision on a midrange sample was: IgG, 7.7%, albumin, 11.7%. These findings establish the simplicity, speed, and precision of the modified fluoroimmunoassay system for specific cerebrospinal fluid proteins.

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