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Robert Schuman elected president of European assembly. Bulletin from the European Community for Coal and Steel. No. 29, March-April 1958

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  • Economics
  • Law


MARCH-APRIL 19581 NO. 29 Robert Schuman Elected President of European Assembly The opening session of the new European Assembly on March 19 in the Maison de !'Europe of Strasbourg was highlighted by the election of Robert Schuman to the As- sembly's presidency. The 71-year-old European statesman who served as Pre- mier and Foreign Minister of France in several post-war Governments became the first President of the new Parlia- ment by acclamation. It was Mr. Schuman who, while serv- ing as French Foreign Minister, proposed on May 9, 1950, that the free nations of Western Europe take the first step toward economic federation. The European Coal and Steel Community or the Schuman Plan, as it was more popu- larly known in Europe, subsequently served as the model for Euratom and the ·common Market. Wider Powers for the Assembly The atmosphere at the meeting was compared by some ob- servers to the cohfident and enthusiastic pioneering days of United Europe. The Assembly showed its firm inten- tion of exerting to the fullest the wider powers it enjoys un- der the Rome Treaties by baptizing itself the European Parliamentary Assembly and then electing Mr. Schuman President contrary to recommendations by the six coun- tries' Council of Ministers that an Italian be voted into leadership. By unanimous decision, members elected to seat themselves in the chamber according to European poli- tical groups rather than in national delegations or accord- ing to alphabetical order as hitherto. The new Parliament also challenged the proposed composition of the economic and social committee attached to the new Communities and instead established 13 standing committees to maintain close and constant watch over the work of the three Com- munity executives jointly rather than separately for each executive. Hal/stein Stresses External Affairs At the constitutive meetings of the European Parliamentary Assembly for the Coal and Steel Community, Euratom, and the Common Market, the 142 member

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