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Soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) attenuates haemodynamic changes to chronic hypoxia in the mouse

Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
DOI: 10.1016/j.pupt.2014.01.002
  • Pulmonary Hypertension
  • Rage
  • Mts1/S100A4
  • Hypoxia
  • Fibroblasts
  • Biology
  • Medicine
  • Pharmacology


Abstract The calgranulin-like protein MTS1/S100A4 and the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) have recently been implicated in mediating pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation and vascular remodelling in experimental pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH). Here, the effects of RAGE antagonism upon 2 weeks of hypobaric hypoxia (10% O2)-induced PH in mice were assessed. Treatment with sRAGE was protective against hypobaric hypoxia-induced increases in right ventricular pressure but distal pulmonary vascular remodelling was unaffected. Intralobar pulmonary arteries from hypobaric hypoxic mice treated with sRAGE showed protection against a hypoxia-induced reduction in compliance. However, a combination of sRAGE and hypoxia also dramatically increased the force of contractions to KCl and 5-HT observed in these vessels. The acute addition of sRAGE to the organ bath produced a small, sustained contraction in intralobar pulmonary vessels and produced a synergistic enhancement of the maximal force of contraction in subsequent concentration–response curves to 5-HT. sRAGE had no effect on 5-HT-induced proliferation of Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (CCL39), used since they have a similar pharmacological profile to mouse pulmonary fibroblasts but, surprisingly, produced a marked increase in hypoxia-induced proliferation. These data implicate RAGE as a modulator of both vasoreactivity and of proliferative processes in the response of the pulmonary circulation to chronic-hypoxia.

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