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On the Use of nai?tameni as a Purpose Clause

Publication Date
  • 「ために」
  • 「ない」
  • 目的節
  • 「ように」
  • 自己制御性
  • コーパス
  • Logic


This paper describes the use of the expression nai?tameni in Japanese, by using the “Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese(BCCWJ)”(the monitor version in 2008). The tameni clause in Japanese has a “purpose” interpretation, which is determined by the controllability of the predicate that precedes tameni. In this sense, nai?tameni is a non?canonical expression, because the negative nai is a sort of stative predicate, and not a controllable one. This paper shows the variations of the nai?tameni construction in the BCCWJ, and analyzes this phenomenon from the following four viewpoints : (1) the frequency in the BCCWJ ; (2) the occurrence of the following particles ; (3) the properties of the preceding verbs of nai?tameni ; and (4) the mismatch of the agents of the main and subordinate clauses.

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