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Transition metal cations extraction by ester and ketone derivatives of chromogenic azocalix[4]arenes

Journal of Hazardous Materials
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.09.104
  • Calixarene
  • Azocalix[4]Arenes
  • Diazo Compounds
  • Solvent Extraction
  • Transition Metal Ions


Abstract The molecule of azocalix[ n]arene is a macrocyclic used effectively in the complexation of the heavy metal pollutants (like silver and mercury). In this work, our main aim is to prepare new chromogenic azocalix[ n]arene molecules to elaborate an extractant with high extractant selectivity for metal ions able to detect this type of pollutant. The solvent extraction properties of four acetyls, four methyl ketones and four benzoyls derivatives from azocalix[4]arenes which were prepared by linking 4-ethyl, 4- n-butyl, 4-acetamid anilin and 2-aminothiazol to calix[4]arene through a diazo-coupling reaction, the alkaline earth (Sr 2+) and the transition (Ag +, Hg 2+, Co 2+, Ni 2+, Cu 2+, Zn 2+, Cd 2+, Cr 3+) metal cations have been determined by extraction studies with metal picrates. Both ketones are better extractants than esters, and show a strong preference for Ag +, while Cu 2+ and Cr 3+ are the most extracted cation with the esters. Both acetyl and benzoyl esters are good carriers for Ag + and Hg 2+.

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