Abstract The effect of co-deposition on recycling and wall pumping during long duration plasmas in TRIAM-1M has been studied. To examine the hydrogen retention on the all metal walls, material exposure experiments were carried out using an ultra-long discharge for about 72 min. After exposure to the plasma, the surface modification and hydrogen retention of the specimens were examined quantitatively by means of ion beam analysis techniques and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Large amount of retained hydrogen were detected in the specimen exposed to the long duration discharge in TRIAM-1M. This amount was sufficient to explain the wall pumping in TRIAM-1M. A correlation was also observed between the thicknesses of the deposits and the amount of retained hydrogen. These results mean that the metallic deposited layer can trap a large amount of hydrogen and has a strong influence on hydrogen recycling similar to a carbon deposit.