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Interfacial evaluation of experimentally weakened roots restored with adhesive materials and fibre posts: An SEM analysis

Journal of Dentistry
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2008.04.020
  • Bonding
  • Fibre Post
  • Hybrid Layer
  • Light-Exposure Time
  • Root Reinforcement
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy


Abstract Objectives To evaluate the bonding interface in experimentally weakened roots reinforced with adhesive restorative materials and quartz fibre posts, varying the light-exposure time of the composite resin used for root reinforcement. Methods Twelve extracted human maxillary incisors teeth were used. The crowns were removed and the roots were endodontically treated. After post space preparation, the roots were assigned to four groups. The thickness of the root dentine was reduced and adhesively restored with composite resin light-activated through a translucent fibre post for either 40 s (group 1), 80 s (group 2) or 120 s (group 3). In the case of control (group 4), the roots were not weakened. One day after post cementation, the specimens were sectioned transversally in three slices and processed for scanning electron microscopic analysis to observe bonding interface formation, quality of the hybrid layer and density of resin tags using a four-step scale method. Results Formation of a hybrid layer and resin tags were evident in all groups. There was no statistically ( p > 0.05) significant difference between the regions analysed in each group (Friedman test) and between groups in each section depth (Kruskal–Wallis test). Furthermore, comparison of the flared/reinforced groups showed that the different times used for composite resin cure did not affect the results significantly (Kruskal–Wallis test, p = 0.2139). Conclusions Different light-exposure times used for composite resin polymerisation during root canal reinforcement did not affect significantly the formation and quality of the dentine/adhesive/composite resin bonding interface.

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