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Photoinduction kinetics of electrical potential in a single chloroplast as studied with micro-electrode technique

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/0005-2728(76)90090-6
  • Chemistry


Abstract 1. Using single chloroplasts of Peperomia metallica the kinetics of light-induced potential changes were studied. Three kinetic components (the initial fast rise, the decay in the light and the decay in the dark) were found to be characterized by time constants 4, 220 and 60 ms, respectively at light intensity 5000 lx and temperature 18 °C. After flash excitation the potential kept on rising for about 10 ms. Cooling of the medium down to 5 °C had no effect on the duration of potential rise after the flash. 2. Variations in the medium temperature in the range 2–23 °C had little effect on photoresponse magnitude but resulted in significant acceleration of decay in the light. 3. Addition of 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (5 · 10 −6 M) resulted in suppression of the magnitude of the photoresponse but was not accompanied by any change in the rate of initial rise of potential. 3-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea-inhibited photoresponse could be restored and even enhanced by subsequent addition of N-methylphenazonium methosulfate (10 −4 M). N-Methylphenazonium methosulfate essentially influenced the time course and light-intensity curves of photoresponse. 4. The chloroplast photoresponses were of different time-courses when elicited by red (640 nm) or far red (712 nm) light. This fact as well as an enhancement effect of combined illumination by two intermittent light beams indicate on the interaction of two photosynthetic pigment systems when the photoelectric response was formed. 5. An imposed electrical field resulted in stimulation or suppression of chloroplast photoresponse depending on the polarity of the field. No indications for the existance of “reversal potential” for photoelectric response were obtained. 6. A kinetic scheme of photoresponse formation is proposed, which includes two sequential photochemical reactions of photosynthesis.

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