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Aegyptiaca et Isiaca de la Phénicie et du Liban aux époques hellénistique et romaine

Authors
Journal
Syria
0039-7946
Publisher
OpenEdition
Publication Date
Volume
81
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3406/syria.2004.7785
Disciplines
  • Religious Science

Abstract

It is an established fact that the cultural exchanges between Phoenicia and Egypt date back long before the Macedonian conquest of the Near East. Yet the study of the Phoenician and Lebanese monuments and cults also proves that the elements which were borrowed to the Egyptian religion in the area came through the Graeco-Roman culture during the Early Roman period. First, the hellenized cults of the major Egyptian deities may have been worshipped by private individuals in the Phoenician coastal cities ; then, they would have been officially admitted in the local pantheons of Byblus, Tyre, and Abila of Lysanias. The spread of the Egyptian cults in Phoenicia and in Lebanon seems to fit in with the pagan religious trends of the Roman empire during the second and the third centuries.

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