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Key cognitive aptitudes in prehospital interventions : what we learned from activity analysis of ambulance crews

Authors
Publisher
International Ergonomics Association
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Allied Health Occupations
  • Health Occupations
  • Wounds And Injuries
  • Accidents
  • Occupational Health
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases
  • Mental Health
Disciplines
  • Design
  • Psychology

Abstract

Arial Marc 85 KEY COGNITIVE APTITUDES IN PREHOSPITAL INTERVENTIONS What we learned from activity analysis of ambulance crews. Marc ARIAL Institute for Work and Health Bugnon 21, CH-1005 Lausanne, Switzerland +41 21 314 74 21 [email protected] Damien BENOÎT Bois-Cerf Hirslanden Hospital Av. dʼOuchy 31, CH-1006 Lausanne, Switzerland +41 21 619 62 83 [email protected] Brigitta DANUSER Institute for Work and Health Bugnon 21, CH-1005 Lausanne Switzerland +41 21 314 74 21 [email protected] TOPICS Occupational injuries and accidents Prehospital intervention, Ambulance crew, activity analysis, aptitudes KEYWORDS Keywords are your own designated keywords 1. INTRODUCTION As it is for many high demanding jobs, selecting and developing the skills of future ambulance personnel follows a rigorous procedure. Ambulance professionals face important work related physical, cognitive, and emotional demands. Compared to other health professions, ambulance personnel are characterized by a high rate of early retirement for health reasons [1;2]. This could be the consequence of particularly strenuous working conditions. This profession is characterized by a high rate of occupational accidents [3-5], a relatively high prevalence of musculo-skeletal disorders -chiefly back problems [6], as well as a high prevalence of mental health problems including depression, alcoholism, and post-traumatic stress disorders [7-9]. Such health outcomes are the consequences of many factors consisting of dangerous and unpredictable work environment, frequent and close contact with suffering individuals, time constraints in carrying out critical actions, an important responsibility in life threatening situations, awkward postures and heavy load handling in non optimal environments, night shifts, unpredictable work activity, etc. To face such demands, ambulance people must be well

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