Abstract Using a combination of conventional screening procedures and polymerase chain reaction cloning, we have isolated a cDNA encoding an epidermis-type 12-lipoxygenase ( e12-lipoxygenase) from mouse epidermis. The open reading frame corresponds to a protein of 662 amino acids and was found to be 99.8% identical to the ORF of an epidermal lipoxygenase gene Aloxe, described recently [Van Dijk et al. (1995) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1259, 4–8]. When expressed in human embryonic kidney cells the recombinant protein could be shown to synthesize 12( S)-HETE from arachidonic acid. By fluorescence in situ hybridization the e12-lipoxygenase gene was localized to chromosome band 11 B1–B3.