Abstract TGFBIp/βig-h3 protein is an extracellular matrix molecule initially cloned from human adenocarcinoma cells treated with TGF-β. Its precise function remains obscure but a number of studies have demonstrated it to be an intriguingly versatile molecule role in a wide range of physiological and pathological conditions. To date, the most extensively studied and reported action of TGFBIp/βig-h3 protein is in corneal dystrophy and several excellent reviews are available on this. Work from various laboratories on this molecule has compiled a tremendous amount of information over the past decade and a half. Here we review the current understanding on TGFBIp/βig-h3 protein and its functions in morphogenesis, extracellular matrix interactions, adhesion/migration, corneal dystrophy, tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, nephropathies, osteogenesis, wound healing and inflammation.