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Easily polarizable N+H…N hydrogen bonds between histidine side chains and proton translocation in proteins

Authors
Journal
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
0006-291X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
95
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0006-291x(80)90872-4

Abstract

Abstract Histidinium perchlorate having protecting groups at the α-amino and α-carboxylate group is studied by IR spectroscopy as function of the addition of protected histidine molecules. An intense continuous absorption arises, indicating that the N +H…N ⇌ N…H +N formed are easily polarizable hydrogen bonds. From the integral absorbance of a band the concentration of the histidine-histidinium complex, i.e. the concentration of the easily polarizable hydrogen bonds is determined. It is shown that the absorbance of the continuum increases in proportion to the concentration of the easily polarizable N +H…N ⇌ N…H +N bonds. Finally, it is discussed that via such an easily polarizable histidine-histidinium hydrogen bond a proton translocation in the active center of ribonuclease A may occur.

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