Abstract This article compares the diets of 1,503 women 19–50 years of age reported in spring 1985 in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals with diets of women of the same ages reported in the Nationwide Food Consumption Survey, spring 1977. As in 1977, diets in 1985 failed to provide the recommended levels of several nutrients—calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, vitamin B-6, and folacin. In women's diets reported in 1985, fat provided 37% of energy—down from 41% in diets reported in 1977. Conversely, carbohydrate provided 46% of energy in diets reported in 1985—up from 41% in 1977. Improved interviewing techniques and food composition data used in the 1985 survey may be responsible for some of the differences in nutrient intakes in the 1977 and 1985 surveys. Intakes of fatty acids, cholesterol, dietary fiber, and sodium were estimated in 1985 but not in 1977. This article presents cursory descriptive information about women's mean intakes of food and nutrients. In future studies statistical procedures will be used to identify socioeconomic and other factors associated with dietary adequacy in 1985 and with change since 1977.