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Optical properties of Cu(In,Ga)Se2and Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4

Authors
Journal
Thin Solid Films
0040-6090
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
519
Issue
21
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2010.12.217
Keywords
  • Cu(In
  • Ga)Se2
  • Cu2Znsn(S
  • Se)4
  • Gw
  • Solar Cells
  • Density-Of-States
  • Dielectric Function
  • Absorption
Disciplines
  • Computer Science

Abstract

Abstract The optical properties of CuInSe 2, CuGaSe 2, Cu 2ZnSnS 4, and Cu 2ZnSnSe 4 are investigated using three different first-principles methods, namely the generalized gradient approximation by Perdew, Burke, and Ernzerhof (PBE), the hybrid Hartree–Fock-like functional by Heyd, Scuseria, and Ernzerhof (HSE), and a Green's function approach (GW). The density-of-states, the complex dielectric function ε( ω) = ε 1( ω) + iε 2( ω), and the optical absorption coefficient α( ω) are determined, providing fundamental understanding of these materials. We find that even though the PBE method generates fairly accurate effective crystal potentials, the HSE and GW methods improve considerably the band-gap energies E g and also the localization of the semicore states, thereby describing the optical properties much better. Furthermore, we also present optimized convergence parameters for the self-consistent HSE calculation in order to reduce the computational time of this orbital-dependent method.

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