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Straightforward solid-phase extraction method for the determination of verapamil and its metabolite in plasma in a 96-well extraction plate

Journal of Chromatography A
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/s0021-9673(98)00823-1
  • Verapamil
  • Norverapamil


Abstract Straightforward solid-phase extraction (SPE) methods were developed for the determination of verapamil and its metabolite in a plasma matrix. The spiked plasma sample was pretreated with 2% phosphoric acid followed by two different SPE methods using a Waters Oasis™ HLB 96-well extraction plate. Recoveries greater than 90% were obtained using both a generic and a selective SPE methods. The generic method is a good starting protocol, and it is applicable to a wide range of compounds. This generic method consists of using 5% methanol as the wash solvent, and 100% methanol for the elution. The limitation of the non-specific method is that it does not remove all plasma constituents that interfere with the quantitation of the metabolite, norverapamil. A second, more specific method was developed using the same Oasis™ HLB sorbent which removes more plasma interferences and provides cleaner extracts for the HPLC–UV analysis. This selective method uses both the methanol concentration and the pH advantageously to preferentially isolate the analytes of interest from a complex sample matrix. Recoveries of greater than 90% with R.S.D.s less than 3.8% were obtained with this selective method.

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