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Proper identification of the gluon spin

Authors
Journal
Physics Letters B
0370-2693
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
700
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2011.04.045
Keywords
  • Phenomenology
Disciplines
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract Properties of the recently proposed gauge-invariant gluon spin Sg are studied and compared to the usually defined “gluon polarization” Δg. By explicit 1-loop calculations in a quark state, it is found that Sg=59Δg. Furthermore, 45 of Sg can actually be identified as a “static-field” contribution and shown to cancel exactly an analogous static term in the gluon orbital angular momentum Lg, leaving Sg+Lg unaltered. These observations suggest that by an alternative definition, the gluon contribution to the nucleon spin may be drastically smaller than in the conventional wisdom.

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