Transfontanellar ulstrasound scans were performed on 96 term infants admitted to a special care baby unit. Thirty infants had abnormal scans; abnormalities detected included intracranial haemorrhage, hydrocephalus and fluid collections. Intracranial haemorrhage is less common in term than in pre-term infants but is generally associated with a worse prognosis. Clinically asymptomatic infants were demonstrated to have significant abnormalities. It is suggested that ultrasound scanning should be the initial neuroradiological investigation in this age group and all term infants in a special care unit should be routinely scanned.