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사회적 소수자의 미디어 이용, 대인 커뮤니케이션, 그리고 적대적 지각: 북한이탈주민의 소외감에 대한 탐색

Publication Date
Keywords
  • 북한이탈주민
  • 적대적 매체 지각
  • 적대적 여론 지각
  • 심리적 적응
  • 사회적 소외감
  • 삶의 만족도
  • 미디어 이용
  • 대인 커뮤니케이션
Disciplines
  • Communication
  • Psychology

Abstract

Attending to North Korean refugees, this study investigated how immigrant minorities' perceptions of hostile media bias and public opinion influence their psychological adaptation, especially their social alienation and life satisfaction in the host country. This study also examined the direct or indirect effects of media uses and interpersonal communication on immigrants' hostile media perceptions and psychological adaptation. According to a face-to-face survey of a total of 316 refugees who had been stayed more than 2 years in South Korea, it was first found that either Korean media uses or interpersonal communication with South Korean people or other North Korean refugees did not significantly influence the respondents' hostile media perceptions. Second, hostile media perceptions negatively affected the refugees' psychological adaptation to South Korean society through hostile opinion perceptions. In other words, the more the refugees perceived the Korean mainstream media as hostile toward themselves, the more likely they were to assume that South Korean people would hold a negative and biased view of North Korean refugees. Furthermore, such hostile opinion perceptions significantly increased the refugees' social alienation while marginally decreasing their satisfaction with t

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