Abstract Methionyl-tyrosyl-phenylalanyl-ω-aminohexyl-agarose was synthesized and shown to be suitable for both the affinity chromatographic purification of neurophysins and the measurement of the ligand binding parameters of these proteins by quantitative affinity chromatography. Bovine neurophysin I binds to the tripeptidyl matrix in 0.4 m ammonium acetate, pH 5.7, conditions under which no binding occurs with the parent ω-aminohexyl-agarose. Subsequent elution can be effected with 0.2 m acetic acid. The affinity matrices obtained have capacities for neurophysin of up to 4 mg/ml gel bed volume and therein provide for the convenient purification of the neurophysins by a two-step buffer-acid elution. [ Carbamoyl- 14C]neurophysin I also binds to the ligand-agarose matrix. Using this labeled protein, competitive elution analysis was performed by one-step elution of zones of protein with the binding buffer in the presence of varying amounts of soluble competitive ligand, lysine vasopressin. The characteristic decrease of elution volume of labeled protein with increasing soluble, competing ligand concentration indicates that the affinity matrix interacts biospecifically with neurophysin. This analysis allows the binding affinities for both soluble vasopressin and immobilized tripeptide ligand to be quantitated.