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Dose perturbation due to the polysulfone cap surrounding a Fletcher-Williamson colpostat

Multimed Inc.
Publication Date
  • Medical Physics
  • Brachytherapy
  • Cervical Cancer
  • Brachytherapy
  • Fletcher-Williamson Colpostat
  • Ovoid
  • Polysulfone Cap
  • Vagina Mucosa Dose.
  • 87.10.Rt 87.53.-J 87.53.Bn 87.53.Jw
  • Computer Science
  • Medicine


We conducted a metrological evaluation of the dosimetric impact due to the polysulfone cap used with the Fletcher-Williamson (FW) colpostat for 192Ir high-dose rate and pulsed-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy using Monte Carlo simulations. Polysulfone caps with diameter of 30 mm, 25 mm, 20 mm, and 16 mm (mini-ovoid) were simulated and the absorbed dose rate in the surrounding water was calculated and compared to the dose rate for a bare 192Ir source in water. The dose perturbation depended on the cap diameter, distance away from the cap surface, and angular position around the cap. The largest dose rate reductions were found to be in the direction of the tumor bed where the cap is thickest. The range of perturbation over all depths and cap diameters was +2.8% (dose enhancement) to -6.8% (dose reduction). The FW colpostat cap’s material composition should be modified to reduce this dosimetric effect or brachytherapy treatment planning dose algorithms should be improved to account for this perturbation.

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