Studies on the levels of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), glutamine synthetase, and glutamate synthase were carried out as a function of temperature, nutritional conditions, and the morphological (yeast or mycelium) form of Benjaminiella poitrasii. Since both NAD- and NADP-dependent GDH activities were found in B. poitrasii, the quantitative relation between these two enzymes expressed as the NADP-GDH/NAD-GDH activity ratio (GDH ratio) was studied to evaluate its possible role in the morphogenesis. In the yeast-to-mycelium transition, a decrease in the GDH ratio occurred (between 1 and 2 h) and germ tube formation could be observed only at 3 h. Under similar sets of experimental conditions, exogenous addition 1.0 mM of alpha-ketoglutarate delayed germ tube emergence (4 h) compared with the control. On the other hand, in the presence of 1.0 mM glutamate an earlier onset of the germ tube formation was noted. The morphological (monomorphic) mutants, Y-2 and Y-5, showed a high GDH ratio and maintained the yeast morphology.