Abstract Caesarean section (C.S.) was performed on 110 clinical cases of dystocia in Damascus and Black Iraqi goats referred to the Obstetric Clinic, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, Iraq, during the kidding periods of 1985 to 1990. The incidence of animals treated with C.S. in relation to the total number of dystocia was 42.8% ( 110 257 ). C.S. was most common in primiparous does (61.8%) and 2-year olds (61.8%). The most common indications of C.S. in does were incomplete cervical dilatation (63.6%), oversized fetus (28.1%), vaginal prolapse (5.4%), fetal monsters (1.8%) and hernia (0.9%). A high success rate (96.3%), with good prognosis, was obtained in this study. Does having male kids appeared to be more likely to require C.S. (70.5%) than those having female kids (29.4%). Kid survival rate was 65.2%. Results showed that C.S. was the safest method of treatment for caprine dystocia if it was performed as early as possible.