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A General Planning Methodology for Automation

Library Information Technology Association
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lib-MOCS-KMC364-20131012125101 174 OCLC's Database Conversion: A User's Perspective Arnold WAJENBERG and Michael GORMAN: University of Illinois Library, Urbana-Champaign This article describes the experience of a large academic library with head- ings in the OCLC database that have been converted to AACR2 form. It also considers the use of LC authority records in the database. Specific problems are discussed, including some resulting from LC practices. Nev- ertheless, the presence of the authority records, and especially the conver- sion of about 40 percent of the headings in the bibliographic file, has been of great benefit to the library, significantly speeding up the cataloging operation. An appendix contains guidelines for the cataloging staff of the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign in the interpretation and use of LC authority records and converted headings. The library of the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, is the largest library of a publicly supported academic institution, and the fifth largest library of any kind, in the United States. In the last year for which figures are available (1979-80), the library added more than 180,000 vol- umes representing more than 80,000 titles. The library is currently cata- loging more than 8,000 titles a month; more than 80 percent of the records for these titles are derived from the OCLC database (Library of Congress and OCLC member copy). Because our cataloging is of such volume and because we are actively engaged in the development of an online catalog, we decided to use the second edition of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2) earlier than the "official" starting date of January 1981. We began to use AACR2 for all our cataloging in November 1979. This early use of AACR2 has led to two consequences. First, we now have OCLC archival tapes represent- ing about 150,000 titles cataloged according to AACR2. This represents a valuable and continuously growing bibliographic resource that can be

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