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Dynamics and mechanisms of CNS myelination.

Authors
  • Bercury, Kathryn K
  • Macklin, Wendy B
Type
Published Article
Journal
Developmental Cell
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Feb 23, 2015
Volume
32
Issue
4
Pages
447–458
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.devcel.2015.01.016
PMID: 25710531
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Vertebrate myelination is an evolutionary advancement essential for motor, sensory, and higher-order cognitive function. CNS myelin, a multilamellar differentiation of the oligodendrocyte plasma membrane, ensheaths axons to facilitate electrical conduction. Myelination is one of the most pivotal cell-cell interactions for normal brain development, involving extensive information exchange between differentiating oligodendrocytes and axons. The molecular mechanisms of myelination are discussed, along with new perspectives on oligodendrocyte plasticity and myelin remodeling of the developing and adult CNS.

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