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Dynamics of glass-forming liquids. VIII. Dielectric signature of probe rotation and bulk dynamics in branched alkanes.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of chemical physics
Publication Date
Volume
121
Issue
18
Pages
8960–8967
Identifiers
PMID: 15527361
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We have measured the dielectric relaxation of several glass forming branched alkanes with very low dielectric loss in the frequency range 50 Hz-20 kHz. The molecular liquids of this study are 3-methylpentane, 3-methylheptane, 4-methylheptane, 2,3-dimethylpentane, and 2,4,6-trimethylheptane. All liquids display asymmetric loss peaks typical of supercooled liquids and slow beta relaxations of similar amplitudes. As an unusual feature, deliberate doping with 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, 5-methyl-2-hexanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol, 1-propanol, or 2-methyltetrahydrofuran at the 1 wt % level generates additional relaxation peaks at frequencies below those of the alpha relaxation. The relaxation times of these sub-alpha-peaks increase systematically with the size of the dopant molecules. Because these features are spectrally separate from the bulk dynamics, the rotational behavior and effective dipole moments of the probes can be studied in detail. For the alcohol guest molecules, the large relative rotational time scales and small effective dipole moments are indicative of hydrogen bonded clusters instead of individual molecules.

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