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Dynamically dominant excitations of string solutions in the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain in magnetic fields

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Type
Published Article
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Submission Date
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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.037203
Source
arXiv
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Abstract

Using Bethe-ansatz solutions, we uncover a well-defined continuum in dynamical structure factor $S^{+-}(k,\omega)$ of the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain in magnetic fields. It comes from string solutions which continuously connect the mode of the lowest-energy excitations in the zero-field limit and that of bound states of overturned spins from the ferromagnetic state near the saturation field. We confirm the relevance to real materials through comparisons with experimental results.

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