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Dynamic freezing of strongly correlated ultracold bosons

Authors
  • Mondal, S.
  • Pekker, D.
  • Sengupta, K.
Type
Published Article
Publication Date
May 14, 2012
Submission Date
Apr 27, 2012
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/100/60007
Source
arXiv
License
Yellow
External links

Abstract

We study the non-equilibrium dynamics of ultracold bosons in an optical lattice with a time dependent hopping amplitude J(t)=J_0 +\delta J \cos(\omega t) which takes the system from a superfluid phase near the Mott-superfluid transition (J= J_0+\delta J) to a Mott phase (J=J_0-\delta J) and back through a quantum critical point (J=J_c) and demonstrate dynamic freezing of the boson wavefunction at specific values of \omega. At these values, the wavefunction overlap F (defect density P=1-F) approaches unity (zero). We provide a qualitative explanation of the freezing phenomenon, show it's robustness against quantum fluctuations and the presence of a trap, compute residual energy and superfluid order parameter for such dynamics, and suggest experiments to test our theory.

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