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A Dual Model of Leadership and Hierarchy: Evolutionary Synthesis.

Authors
  • Van Vugt, Mark1
  • Smith, Jennifer E2
  • 1 Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Institute for Brain and Behavior Amsterdam, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Netherlands)
  • 2 Mills College, Oakland, CA, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Trends in cognitive sciences
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2019
Volume
23
Issue
11
Pages
952–967
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2019.09.004
PMID: 31629633
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

From the popularity of authoritarian political leaders to the under-representation of women in boardrooms, leadership is an important theme in current human social affairs. Leadership is also a prominent research topic in the biological, social, and cognitive sciences. However, these active literatures have evolved somewhat independently and there is a need for synthesis. A comparative-evolutionary approach can integrate seemingly divergent perspectives by making a distinction between two leadership styles, prestige and dominance, that have contrasting expressions, functions, histories, and neural and developmental pathways. The distinction may help to resolve various scientific puzzles, such as: (i) opposing views on the different functions and expressions of leadership; (ii) the appeal of dominance-style leaders; and (iii) sex biases in leadership emergence in modern society. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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