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A dual-immunocytochemical method to localize c-fos protein in specific neurons based on their content of neuropeptides and connectivity.

Authors
  • Mikkelsen, J D
  • Larsen, P J
  • Sørensen, G G
  • Woldbye, D
  • Bolwig, T G
  • Hastings, M H
  • Ebling, F J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Histochemistry
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Apr 01, 1994
Volume
101
Issue
4
Pages
245–251
Identifiers
PMID: 7928407
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Enhanced expression of the immediate early gene c-fos has been used as a marker of cellular activation in many different neuronal pathways. We wished to determine the neurochemical content and the connectivity of neurons, in which expression of c-fos is induced. For this purpose, a dual-immunocytochemical staining technique has been developed with avidin-biotin-peroxidase labelling using diaminobenzidine as the chromogen for c-fos protein located in the nucleus, and benzidine dihydrochloride (BDHC) in the presence of sodium nitroprusside to reveal cytoplasmic antigens (neuropeptide or retrograde tracer) in the same section. The blue granular BDHC reaction product in the cytoplasm combined with the homogeneous brown nuclear DAB staining for c-fos protein provides excellent resolution of dual-labelled cells even in tissue sections of 40 microns in thickness. The high sensitivity of the avidin-biotin-peroxidase immunocytochemistry and the stability of the reaction products provide an excellent tool for quantitative analysis of stimulated cells within a neurochemically defined cell group. The BDHC/DAB protocol was developed to identify activated cells in three experimental situations. Firstly, to investigate the phenotype of light-activated cells in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus, c-fos protein DAB staining was carried out together with BDHC staining for peptide histidine isoleucine (PHI) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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