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Driving a better driving experience: a questionnaire survey of older compared with younger drivers.

Authors
  • Karali, Sukru1
  • Gyi, Diane E1
  • Mansfield, Neil J1, 2
  • 1 a Loughborough Design School , Loughborough University , Loughborough , UK.
  • 2 b Dyson School of Design Engineering , Imperial College , London , UK.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Ergonomics
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2017
Volume
60
Issue
4
Pages
533–540
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2016.1182648
PMID: 27244443
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

A questionnaire survey of drivers (n = 903) was conducted covering musculoskeletal symptoms, the vehicle seat, access to specific vehicle features, ingress/egress, driving performance and driving behaviours. Significantly, more discomfort was reported by older drivers (aged 65+) in the hips/thighs/buttocks and knees. Older drivers reported more difficulty parallel parking (p ≤ 0.01), driving on a foggy day (p ≤ 0.01), and turning their head and body to reverse (p ≤ 0.001). They also reported that their reactions were slower than they used to be (p ≤ 0.01). Dissatisfaction was found by all drivers with adjusting the headrest (height and distance), seat belt height and opening/closing the boot. There is a growing population of older people globally, and the number of older drivers is showing a parallel increase. Clearly, efforts are needed to ensure car design of the future is more inclusive of older drivers. Practitioner Summary: This paper describes a questionnaire survey of drivers on their driving experience - the vehicle seat, access to specific vehicle features, ingress/egress, driving performance and driving behaviours. Comparisons are made by age and gender. Issues with driving and vehicle design particularly for older drivers in the UK are identified.

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