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Double spiral microchannel for label-free tumor cell separation and enrichment.

Authors
  • Sun, Jiashu
  • Li, Mengmeng
  • Liu, Chao
  • Zhang, Yi
  • Liu, Dingbin
  • Liu, Wenwen
  • Hu, Guoqing
  • Jiang, Xingyu
Type
Published Article
Journal
Lab on a Chip
Publisher
The Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication Date
Oct 21, 2012
Volume
12
Issue
20
Pages
3952–3960
Identifiers
PMID: 22868446
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This work reports on a passive double spiral microfluidic device allowing rapid and label-free tumor cell separation and enrichment from diluted peripheral whole blood, by exploiting the size-dependent hydrodynamic forces. A numerical model is developed to simulate the Dean flow inside the curved geometry and to track the particle/cell trajectories, which is validated against the experimental observations and serves as a theoretical foundation for optimizing the operating conditions. Results from separating tumor cells (MCF-7 and Hela) spiked into whole blood indicate that 92.28% of blood cells and 96.77% of tumor cells are collected at the inner and the middle outlet, respectively, with 88.5% tumor recovery rate at a throughput of 3.33 × 10(7) cells min(-1). We expect that this label-free microfluidic platform, driven by purely hydrodynamic forces, would have an impact on fundamental and clinical studies of circulating tumor cells.

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