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Double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study of oral nicardipine in the treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
0160-2446
Publisher
Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer) - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Date
Volume
18
Issue
6
Pages
813–818
Identifiers
PMID: 1725892
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to measure the efficacy and side effects of oral nicardipine in the treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP). The study consisted of a 3-week baseline period followed by a double-blind, randomized, two-period placebo-controlled, balanced crossover design. Both treatment periods of 3 weeks with either oral nicardipine (3 x 30 mg) or matching placebo were interrupted by a 2-week washout period. Twenty-five patients with either primary (n = 16) or secondary (n = 9) RP participated. Twelve of them had taken part in a previous study on the acute effects of i.v. nicardipine to find out whether long-term efficacy could be predicted by the acute circulatory effects. No statistically significant differences were found between nicardipine and placebo for number, duration, or severity of vasospastic attacks or for any of the microcirculatory parameters (finger skin temperature and laser Doppler flux) measured during a finger cooling test. In patients with primary RP, heart rate significantly increased during nicardipine treatment (mean +/- SD: 9 +/- 6 beats/min; p less than 0.05). The long-term effects could not be predicted by the outcome of the i.v. study. Plasma nicardipine concentrations varied considerably, but in general were on the low side (17.4 +/- 3.7 ng/ml; range, 0-55.4 ng/ml). The adverse effects reported with nicardipine were similar to those with placebo, and required withdrawal of two patients on nicardipine and one on placebo. In conclusion, the results show that oral nicardipine does not significantly alter the course of RP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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