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Does alpha 1-adrenergic blockade influence regional blood flow regulation in hearts with coronary artery occlusion?

Authors
  • Westby, J
  • Kvitting, P
  • Birkeland, S
  • Grong, K
  • Lekven, J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical physiology (Oxford, England)
Publication Date
Apr 01, 1989
Volume
9
Issue
2
Pages
107–120
Identifiers
PMID: 2524305
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The effects of selective alpha 1-adrenergic blockade with doxazosin on regional myocardial tissue blood flow was studied in anaesthetized cats with acute coronary artery occlusion. Reflex tachycardia was prevented by selective beta 1-adrenergic blockade with atenolol and coronary perfusion pressure was kept constant by partial stenosis of the descending aorta. Administration of atenolol reduced cardiac mechanical work-load by its negative inotropic and chronotropic effects, and reduced myocardial tissue blood flow in normally perfused myocardium. This reduction was most pronounced in the endocardial half-layer of the myocardium adjacent to the ischaemic region. Administration of doxazosin in this situation clearly reduced peak systolic and coronary perfusion pressure. But when coronary perfusion pressure was raised to pre-administration values, measurements of regional blood flow revealed no changes either in ischaemic or non-ischaemic myocardium. Also, there was no sign of redistribution of blood flow between endocardial and epicardial tissue in any area. This study, therefore, indicates that alpha 1-adrenoceptors play a minor role in the regulation of coronary blood flow in normal myocardium as well as ischaemic myocardium.

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