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Do UK university football club players suffer neuropsychological impairment as a consequence of their football (soccer) play?

Authors
  • Rutherford, Andrew
  • Stephens, Richard
  • Fernie, Gordon
  • Potter, Douglas
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2009
Volume
31
Issue
6
Pages
664–681
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/13803390802484755
PMID: 19048428
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Male players from football and rugby clubs and sportsmen from a variety of noncontact sports clubs at a UK university were compared on biographical and neuropsychological test measures. A data analysis paradigm was developed and employed to control the inflation of Type 1 error rate due to multiple hypotheses testing. Rugby players sustained most head injuries in their chosen sport, but neuropsychological tests of attention, memory, and executive function provided no evidence of performance impairment attributable to the number of head injuries sustained or the football, rugby, or noncontact sport groups. Footballers' heading frequency was related to the number of football head injuries sustained, but no relationship was detected between footballers' heading frequency and their neuropsychological test performance. Following discussion of pertinent methodological limitations it is concluded that there was no evidence in this dataset of neuropsychological impairment consistent with either mild head injury incidence or football heading frequency. However, a need for further research examining the long-term neuropsychological consequences of such head injuries was identified.

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