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Do specific or nonspecific interactions with proteins underlie inhalational anesthetic action?

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Molecular pharmacology
Publication Date
Volume
54
Issue
4
Pages
610–615
Identifiers
PMID: 9765502
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

To determine whether specific or nonspecific interactions between inhaled anesthetics and proteins are more likely to underlie anesthetic actions, analysis of hydrogen/tritium exchange was used to measure effects on the stability of two model proteins that had been previously shown to bind anesthetics specifically (bovine serum albumin) or only nonspecifically (myoglobin). The data indicated that stabilization of albumin correlated with the potencies of a wide range of anesthetic compounds significantly better than did destabilization of myoglobin. In addition, sensitivity to nonanesthetics, isoflurane stereoselectivity, and temperature and pressure effects all influenced the stabilization of bovine serum albumin, but not the destabilization of myoglobin, in a manner strongly supporting the premise that specific binding interactions with protein targets underlie anesthetic action. These observations significantly increase the likelihood that such interactions can be found and optimized.

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