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Do Older Brazilian Women Who Participate in a Regular Physical Exercise Program Have Higher Habitual Physical Activity Levels? A Cross-Sectional Study Based on Accelerometer Data.

Authors
  • Pinhal, Kaio Cesar1
  • Moreira, Bruno de Souza2
  • Vieira, Renata Alvarenga3
  • Alcântara, Marcus Alessandro4
  • Dias, João Marcos Domingues5
  • Dias, Rosângela Correa5
  • Kirkwood, Renata Noce6
  • Bastone, Alessandra de Carvalho4
  • 1 Multidisciplinary Residency in Older Adults Health, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Diamantina, Minas Gerais,Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 2 Postgraduate Program in Public Health, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais,Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 3 Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais,Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 4 Postgraduate Program in Rehabilitation and Functional Performance, Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Diamantina, Minas Gerais,Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 5 Postgraduate Program on Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais,Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 6 School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON,Canada. , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of aging and physical activity
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2022
Volume
30
Issue
5
Pages
761–769
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1123/japa.2021-0020
PMID: 34879331
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted to compare the habitual physical activity level, measured by accelerometry, gait performance, assessed by the GAITRite® system, handgrip strength, and static balance between older Brazilian women who participate (n = 50; 70.7 ± 5.5 years) and do not participate (n = 50; 70.1 ± 5.6 years) in a regular physical exercise program, and to investigate whether participation in a regular exercise program ensures compliance with physical activity recommendations. Older women who participated in a regular physical exercise program had significantly shorter sedentary activity time (effect size [ES] = 0.54), longer moderate activity time (ES = 0.85), and higher energy expenditure (ES = 0.64), number of steps (ES = 0.82), gait speed (ES = 0.49), and step length (ES = 0.45). However, regular participation in an exercise program did not guarantee compliance with physical activity recommendations. Behavioral changes to increase physical activity levels among older women who do and do not participate in a regular exercise program are necessary.

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