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Do minorities perceive procedural fairness merely in terms of ethnic bias suppression? Evaluation of the concept of fairness in multicultural conflicts

Authors
  • Dierckx, Kim
  • Van Hiel, Alain
  • Valcke, Barbara
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2020.1726733
OAI: oai:archive.ugent.be:8653319
Source
Ghent University Institutional Archive
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

The present study investigated the impact of perceived procedural fairness enacted by societal actors on minority members' willingness to accept decisions regarding multicultural issues. We particularly focused on ethnic bias suppression, which we expected to be highly salient in this type of conflict and deemed pivotal given its impact on the collective social self. Four studies (one cross-sectional study and three experiments) were conducted in African American minority samples. The results revealed that: (1) perceptions of procedural fairness cannot be reduced to solely evaluations of ethnic bias suppression, (2) the weight placed on bias suppression is indeed substantial, (3) procedural fairness and bias suppression each play a strong role in shaping minority members' legitimacy perceptions of a decision-maker, and in turn, (4) decision acceptance. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

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