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Do arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi with contrasting life-history strategies differ in their responses to repeated defoliation?

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
FEMS Microbiology Ecology
0168-6496
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Volume
72
Issue
1
Pages
114–122
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2009.00829.x
PMID: 20459515
Source
Medline

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi obligatorily depend on carbon (C) resources provided via the plant and therefore fluctuations in C availability may strongly and differently affect AM fungi with different life-history strategies (LHS). In the present study, we examined the effect of repeated defoliation of in vitro grown barrel medic (Medicago truncatula) on the spore and auxiliary cell (AC) production dynamics of a presumed r-strategist (Glomus intraradices) and a presumed K-strategist (Dentiscutata reticulata). Glomus intraradices modulated the production of spores directly to C availability, showing direct investment in reproduction as expected for r-strategists. In contrast, AC production of D. reticulata was not affected after a single defoliation and thus showed higher resistance to fluctuating C levels, as expected for K-strategists. Our results demonstrate that plant defoliation affects the production of extraradical C storage structures of G. intraradices and D. reticulata differently. Our results contribute towards revealing differences in LHS among AM fungal species, a step further towards understanding their community dynamics in natural ecosystems and agroenvironments.

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