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Divergent expression of DCLK1 in gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors and primary hepatic, gallbladder, and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

Authors
  • Fan, Mengjiao
  • Yan, Huan
  • Gou, Miaomiao
  • Qian, Niansong
  • Dai, Guanghai
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2020
Volume
13
Issue
9
Pages
2249–2258
Identifiers
PMID: 33042329
PMCID: PMC7539880
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) is reported to be a negative prognostic marker in colorectal cancer and is involved in tumorigenesis and progression through several miRNA pathways. In this study, We analyzed its expression in neuroendocrine tumor (NET) and explored its relation with survival outcome. 122 patients were enrolled in the study, including 60 cases of GI-NETs, 24 cases of primary hepatic NETs (PHNETs), 16 cases of gallbladder NETs (GBNETs) and 22 cases of pancreatic NETs (pNETs). IHC was performed for DCLK1 on tumor tissue. All patients underwent a baseline visit, histologic determination, and a follow-up for survival. In the 60 cases of GI-NETs, DCLK1 showed diffuse cytoplasmic expression. The positive rates of DCLK1, Syn and CgA were 100% (60/60), 100% (60/60) and 36.7% (22/60), respectively. However, DCLK1 showed negative staining in all of the 62 cases of PHNETs, GBNETs, and pNETs. The mean score of DCLK1, Syn, and CgA were (5.77±2.012), (5.13±2.078) and (2.68±2.797), respectively. DCLK1 was correlated with primary site (P<0.001) and Syn expression (P = 0.045). Additionally, in GI-NETs, we found that DCLK1 expression was associated with worse OS (log-rank = 5.212, P = 0.022). The divergent expression of DCLK1 in NETs suggests different functional roles of DCLK1 in different locations of NET within the digestive system. However, with the limited number of tumor samples, its outcome prediciton still needs further investigation. DCLK1 expression may aid in the diagnosis and prognosis of GI-NETs.

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