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Distinct Sequence Patterns Characterize the V3 Region of HIV Type 1 gp120 from Subtypes A and C

Authors
  • KLÁRA FELSÖVÁLYI
  • ARTHUR NÁDAS
  • SUSAN ZOLLA-PAZNER
  • TIMOTHY CARDOZO
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2006
Source
PMC
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Biology
License
Unknown

Abstract

The known sequences of HIV-1 viruses have been categorized into subtypes based on the phylogenetic partitioning of their env and gag gene sequences. The env gene encodes the protein gp120, which contains five sequence-variable regions (V1 to V5), of which the V3 loop is of central importance to viral infectivity. The V3 loop consensus sequences of HIV-1 subtype A and C viruses are similar, and more similar to one another than the V3 consensus sequences of any other two HIV-1 subtypes. However, using a position-specific statistical comparison, we found that the V3 region of these two subtypes is statistically distinct (p = ~0.0). (The p-value calculated to the lowest limit of representation on the computer used to run the calculation. This lowest limit was 10−16. Although theoretically a p-value cannot be equal to 0.0, the p-value for the comparisons in question can be intuitively considered to be extremely small, or ~0.0.)

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