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Disentangling and modeling interactions in fish with burst-and-coast swimming

  • Calovi, Daniel S.
  • Litchinko, Alexandra
  • Lecheval, Valentin
  • Lopez, Ugo
  • Escudero, Alfonso Pérez
  • Chaté, Hugues
  • Sire, Clément
  • Theraulaz, Guy
Published Article
Publication Date
Mar 10, 2017
Submission Date
Mar 10, 2017
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005933
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We combine extensive data analyses with a modeling approach to measure, disentangle, and reconstruct the actual functional form of interactions involved in the coordination of swimming in Rummy-nose tetra (Hemigrammus rhodostomus). This species of fish performs burst-and-coast swimming behavior that consists of sudden heading changes combined with brief accelerations followed by quasi-passive, straight decelerations. We quantify the spontaneous stochastic behavior of a fish and the interactions that govern wall avoidance and the attraction and alignment to a neighboring fish, the latter by exploiting general symmetry constraints for the interactions. In contrast with previous experimental works, we find that both attraction and alignment behaviors control the reaction of fish to a neighbor. We then exploit these results to build a model of spontaneous burst-and-coast swimming and interactions of fish, with all parameters being estimated or directly measured from experiments. This model quantitatively reproduces the key features of the motion and spatial distributions observed in experiments with a single fish and with two fish. This demonstrates the power of our method that exploits large amounts of data for disentangling and fully characterizing the interactions that govern collective behaviors in animals groups. Moreover, we introduce the notions of "dumb" and "intelligent" active matter and emphasize and clarify the strong differences between them.

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