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On the discovery of new elements (IUPAC/IUPAP Report)

Authors
  • Hofmann, Sigurd1,
  • Dmitriev, Sergey N.2,
  • Fahlander, Claes3,
  • Gates, Jacklyn M.4,
  • Roberto, James B.5,
  • Sakai, Hideyuki6, 7,
  • 1 Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Planckstrasse 1 , (Germany)
  • 2 Director of the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, FLNR, Russia , (Russia)
  • 3 Professor of Nuclear Physics, Lund University, Box 118 , (Sweden)
  • 4 Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), USA , (United States)
  • 5 Associate Laboratory Director Emeritus, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), USA , (United States)
  • 6 Special Advisor, RIKEN Nishina Center , (Japan)
  • 7 The University of Tokyo, Japan , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pure and Applied Chemistry
Publisher
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Publication Date
Aug 04, 2020
Volume
92
Issue
9
Pages
1387–1446
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/pac-2020-2926
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Almost thirty years ago the criteria that are currently used to verify claims for the discovery of a new element were set down by the comprehensive work of a Transfermium Working Group, TWG, jointly established by IUPAC and IUPAP. The recent completion of the naming of the 118 elements in the first seven periods of the Periodic Table of the Elements was considered as an opportunity for a review of these criteria in the light of the experimental and theoretical advances in the field. In late 2016 the Unions decided to establish a new Joint Working Group, JWG, consisting of six members determined by the Unions. A first meeting of the JWG was in May 2017. One year later this report was finished. In a first part the works and conclusions of the TWG and the Joint Working Parties, JWP, deciding on the discovery of the now named elements are summarized. Possible experimental developments for production and identification of new elements beyond the presently known ones are estimated. Criteria and guidelines for establishing priority of discovery of these potential new elements are presented. Special emphasis is given to a description for the application of the criteria and the limits for their applicability.

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