Lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) is a hereditary disorder characterized by intraglomerular lipoprotein thrombi and increased serum apolipoprotein (apo) E. Patients with LPG usually manifest with nephrotic syndrome, and some progress to renal failure; however, no effective therapeutic regimen has been established for this disease. We experienced a patient with LPG for whom bezafibrate treatment was very effective. This 30-year-old Japanese woman had nephrotic syndrome and type III hyperlipoproteinemia. Renal biopsy showed markedly dilated capillary lumina containing massive lipoprotein thrombi. Plasma apo E concentration was elevated to twice that of normal controls. She was proved to be a heterozygote of apo E2 Kyoto (Arg25Cys). After 2 years treatment with bezafibrate (400 mg/day), her plasma albumin gradually increased from 2.1 to 4.0 mg/dl, and intraglomerular lipoprotein thrombi disappeared almost completely. Bezafibrate decreased plasma apo E and dramatically increased high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol. The decrease in apo E was observed mainly in the pre-beta-fraction, not in the alpha fraction. Lipidological analyses of our patient suggest that the origin her lipoprotein thrombi may be mainly from pre-beta-lipoproteins and that HDL might be involved in resolving lipoprotein thrombi. Our case suggests that administration of fibrates such as bezafibrate may be a novel therapeutic strategy for resolving intraglomerular thrombi and improving nephrotic syndrome in patients with LPG.