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Directed evolution of the 3-hydroxypropionic acid production pathway by engineering aldehyde dehydrogenase using a synthetic selection device

Authors
  • Seok, Joo Yeon
  • Yang, Jina
  • Choi, Sang Jin
  • Lim, Hyun Gyu
  • Choi, Un Jong
  • Kim, Kyung-Jin
  • Park, Sunghoon
  • Yoo, Tae Hyeon
  • Jung, Gyoo Yeol
Publication Date
May 01, 2018
Source
[email protected]
Keywords
License
Unknown
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Abstract

3-Hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) is an important platform chemical, and biological production of 3-HP from glycerol as a carbon source using glycerol dehydratase (GDHt) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) has been revealed to be effective because it involves a relatively simple metabolic pathway and exhibits higher yield and productivity than other biosynthetic pathways. Despite the successful attempts of 3-HP production from glycerol, the biological process suffers from problems arising from low activity and inactivation of the two enzymes. To apply the directed evolutionary approach to engineer the 3-HP production system, we constructed a synthetic selection device using a 3-HP-responsive transcription factor and developed a selection approach for screening 3-HP-producing microorganisms. The method was applied to an ALDH library, specifically aldehyde-binding site library of alpha-ketoglutaric semialdehyde dehydrogenase (KGSADH). Only two serial cultures resulted in enrichment of strains showing increased 3-HP production, and an isolated KGSADH variant enzyme exhibited a 2.79-fold higher catalytic efficiency toward its aldehyde substrate than the wild-type one. This approach will provide the simple and efficient tool to engineer the pathway enzymes in metabolic engineering. / 3-Hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) is an important platform chemical, and biological production of 3-HP from glycerol as a carbon source using glycerol dehydratase (GDHt) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) has been revealed to be effective because it involves a relatively simple metabolic pathway and exhibits higher yield and productivity than other biosynthetic pathways. Despite the successful attempts of 3-HP production from glycerol, the biological process suffers from problems arising from low activity and inactivation of the two enzymes. To apply the directed evolutionary approach to engineer the 3-HP production system, we constructed a synthetic selection device using a 3-HP-responsive transcription factor and developed a selection approach for screening 3-HP-producing microorganisms. The method was applied to an ALDH library, specifically aldehyde-binding site library of alpha-ketoglutaric semialdehyde dehydrogenase (KGSADH). Only two serial cultures resulted in enrichment of strains showing increased 3-HP production, and an isolated KGSADH variant enzyme exhibited a 2.79-fold higher catalytic efficiency toward its aldehyde substrate than the wild-type one. This approach will provide the simple and efficient tool to engineer the pathway enzymes in metabolic engineering. / 1 / 4

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