The study is aimed at imparting dimensional stability and some functionalities to cellulosic aerogels. The polysaccharide suffers from mechanical strength loss in wetted state that restricts its application. Improvement is achieved by mean of microfibrillation of cellulosic fibers combining intense mechanical treatment with freeze-thawing. Addition of the latter decreases the number of cycles. Aerogels prepared from microfibrillated cellulose by freeze-drying hold their dimensional stability in solutions that makes possible treating them chemically without loss in shape. Here a method of directional sol-gel processing is applied to mineralize such aerogels by titania. Owing to covalent bonds to cellulose macromolecules formed via the condensation reactions, titania coating possesses good adhesion, not separating at heating when it is transferred in anatase form. Its photocatalytic activity results in self-cleaning of cellulose aerogels under outdoor sunlight irradiation. Calcination in air or carbonization in an inert gas atmosphere can serve to prepare metal oxide or composites with carbon of various shape and dimensionality.