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Dimensional stability in composite cone beam computed tomography.

  • Kopp, S
  • Ottl, P
Published Article
Dento maxillo facial radiology
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2010
DOI: 10.1259/dmfr/28358586
PMID: 21062945


An automated increase in the field of view (FOV) for multipurpose cone beam CT (CBCT) by "stitching" (joining) up to three component volumes to yield a larger composite volume must still ensure dimensional stability, especially if the image is to form the basis for a surgical splint. Dimensional stability, image discrepancies and the influence of movement artefacts between exposures were evaluated. The first consumer installation of the Kodak 9000 three-dimensional (3D) extraoral imaging system with stitching software was used for the evaluation of a human mandible with three endodontic instruments as markers. The distances between several reproducible points were measured directly and the results compared with the values measured on screen. Displacements of the mandible along all axes between exposures as well as angular displacements were conducted to test the capability of the system. The standard deviations (SD) of the results for the vertical distances varied between 0.212 mm and 0.409 mm (approximately 1-2 voxels; range, 0.6-1.3 mm) and may be considered the systematic error. The SD of the results for the horizontal and diagonal distances varied between 0.195 mm and 0.571 mm (approximately 1-3 voxels; range, 0.6-1.7 mm) if the group with overall horizontal angulations of 10° and a central rotation of 20° was omitted. In conclusion, the evaluated stitching software is a useful tool to expand the options of combined CBCT with an initial small FOV by allowing a merger of up to three component volumes to yield a larger FOV of about 80 × 80 × 37 mm. The dimensional stability was acceptable when seen in relation to the induced disturbance. Further evaluation of this composite CBCT/digital imaging and communications in medicine system for subsequent splint fabrication may yield promising results.


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